During my last job at the South Pole in 2013 I read "The South Pole" by Roald Amundsen. Amundsen gives an excellent account of the first 200 years of early Antarctic exploration and how ships sailed further and further south until they sighted the continent of Antarctica. Amundsen was originally focused on the North Pole with the proven polar exploration ship Fram. But in 1909 the rival American explorers Frederick Cook and Robert E. Peary each claimed to have reached the North Pole. Amundsen changed his plan and began the conquest of the South Pole.
After setting up quarters in the Bay of Whales and burying several food and supply depots south to 88 degrees, Amundsen and four others began their trek to the South Pole in October of 1911.
|The Fram was built for polar exploration.|
|Bay of whales on the Great Ice Barrier was the expedition's Antarctic base.|
|Amundsen had this cabin built at his home in Norway. Then it was dismantled, numbered and rebuilt on the ice.|
|They brought 96 Greenland husky sleddogs.|
|Seal meat was the steady diet for all.|
|Before the actual push to the Pole teams set up food and supply depots. This was the last one at 88 degrees south.|
|Typical polar wear.|
|Scott's party at the South Pole January 17, 1912. Two died while walking and the other three perished in a tent on their return during a brutal storm just a few miles from a food and supply cache.|